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LINDA HAMILTON KRIEGER

U.S. Civil Rights Lawyer

LINDA HAMILTON KRIEGER

DE-BIASING THE COURTROOM

Linda Hamilton Krieger is a U.S. civil rights lawyer and law professor whose areas of work center on sex, disability, and race discrimination law and on the use of advances in the empirical social sciences to inform civil rights law and policy. After graduating from the New York University School of Law in 1978, Professor Krieger practiced law at the Legal Aid Society of San Francisco, where she litigated some of the early U.S. cases challenging the sexual harassment of working women, employment discrimination against pregnant women, and health care discrimination against individuals with HIV disease. Professor Krieger currently teaches at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

As a legal scholar, Professor Krieger has written extensively on the law and policy implications of advances in psychological science. Her major articles on these subjects include: The Content of Our Categories: A Cognitive Bias Approach to Discrimination and Equal Employment Opportunity; Civil Rights Perestroika: Intergroup Relations After Affirmative Action and Behavioral Realism in Employment Discrimination Law: Implicit Bias and Disparate Treatment.

She has also written extensively about biases in judicial decision making. Her major publications on this subject include, When Organizations Rule: Judicial Deference to Institutionalized Employment Structures, Multiple Disadvantages: An Empirical Test of Intersectionality Theory in EEO Litigation; and When ‘Best Practices’ Win, Employee’s Lose: Symbolic Compliance and Judicial Inference in Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Cases.

More recently in collaboration with former Stanford Law Dean Paul Brest, she wrote a book on judgment in legal and public policy decision making entitled: Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Professional Judgment: A Guide for Lawyers and Policymakers.